Bolivia and Venezuela have rejected the most recent U.S drug report which accuses them along with Burma as having “failed demonstrably during the previous 12 months to adhere to their obligations under international counternarcotics agreements." The report is from the annual memorandum published by the White House in regards to drugs.
The Venezuelan Foreign Ministry said that it “rejects in the most decided manner the accusations of the government" and that the document is "plagued with false statements, political preconceptions and veiled threats." Bolivia’s president, Mr Morales was also not positive in regards to the US report saying that “The United States has no morality, authority or ethics that would allow it to speak about the war on drugs. Do you know why? Because the biggest market for cocaine and other drugs is the United States,"
The memorandum identifies Afghanistan, The Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Burma, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Laos, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela as major drug transit or illicit producing countries.
A major illicit drug producing country is defined by the US government as a country where 1,000 hectares or more of opium is harvested per year and 5,000 hectares or more of illicit cannabis is cultivated annual. As for major drug-transit countries these are ones “that is a significant direct source of illicit narcotic or psychotropic drugs or other controlled substances significantly affecting the United States”.
The memorandum also says that several other countries were ‘evaluated’ on whether they should be included on the list including Canada. Canada was not put on the list because according to the memorandum it “as taken effective steps to stem the flow of synthetic MDMA (ecstasy) across its shared border with the United States”.
The memorandum also comes at a time when a UN report has recently said that cocaine production in Bolivia has dropped over the last year by 12%. Responding to the UN report Bolivia’s Foreign Minister said “Many people thought that, with the departure of the DEA (Drugs Enforcement Agency), coca cultivation in Bolivia would rise, but thanks to the determination of the Bolivian government, and the support of the international community, today we are showing concrete results."